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Современная ревматология

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Коморбидные инфекции при спондилоартритах: современный взгляд на проблему

https://doi.org/10.14412/1996-7012-2020-4-103-110

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Аннотация

В обзоре рассматривается проблема коморбидных инфекций (КИ) при анкилозирующем спондилите и псориатическом артрите (ПсА) как основных нозологических формах спондилоартритов (СпА). Проанализирована частота КИ на фоне терапии генно-инженерными биологическими препаратами и таргетными синтетическими базисными противовоспалительными препаратами. Сделано заключение, что проблема КИ при СпА заслуживает самого пристального внимания.
Показано значение превентивных мероприятий в отношении КИ при лечении СпА. В частности, отмечено, что в соответствии с обновленными рекомендациями ЕULAR и других научных ревматологических ассоциаций всем больным с иммуновоспалительными ревматическими заболеваниями (включая СпА), получающим иммуносупрессивную терапию, рекомендуется иммунизация гриппозной и пневмококковой вакцинами из-за высокого риска летальных исходов, обусловленных инфекционной патологией дыхательных путей. При этом вакцинация показана даже больным с ожидаемым субоптимальным ответом. Приведены основные пункты рекомендаций медицинского совета Национального фонда борьбы с псориазом (Пс) по применению рекомбинантной вакцины против инфекции Herpes zoster (RHZV) у больных Пс/ПсА.
Необходимы дальнейшие исследования частоты и структуры КИ, а также влияния новых методов терапии на распространенность КИ у больных СпА. Важным направлением будущих исследований должно стать определение эффективности и безопасности вакцинации у данного контингента больных.

Об авторах

Н. В. Муравьева
ФГБНУ «Научно-исследовательский институт ревматологии им. В.А. Насоновой»
Россия
Россия, 115522, Москва, Каширское шоссе, 34А


Б. С. Белов
ФГБНУ «Научно-исследовательский институт ревматологии им. В.А. Насоновой»
Россия
Россия, 115522, Москва, Каширское шоссе, 34А


М. М. Баранова
ФГБНУ «Научно-исследовательский институт ревматологии им. В.А. Насоновой»
Россия
Россия, 115522, Москва, Каширское шоссе, 34А


Т. В. Коротаева
ФГБНУ «Научно-исследовательский институт ревматологии им. В.А. Насоновой»
Россия
Россия, 115522, Москва, Каширское шоссе, 34А


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Для цитирования:


Муравьева Н.В., Белов Б.С., Баранова М.М., Коротаева Т.В. Коморбидные инфекции при спондилоартритах: современный взгляд на проблему. Современная ревматология. 2020;14(4):103-110. https://doi.org/10.14412/1996-7012-2020-4-103-110

For citation:


Muravyeva N.V., Belov B.S., Baranova M.M., Korotaeva T.V. Comorbid infections in spondyloarthritis: a modern view of the problem. Modern Rheumatology Journal. 2020;14(4):103-110. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.14412/1996-7012-2020-4-103-110

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ISSN 1996-7012 (Print)
ISSN 2310-158X (Online)